This General FAQ page compiles Frequently Asked Questions related to all aspects of the the Agency.
The Agency has also published specific Frequently Asked Questions pages on the following topics:
Please note that abbreviations are frequently used at the Agency. A document which expands these abbreviations is available here.
Doing business with EASA
For what is EASA the competent authority?
EASA is an Agency of the European Union. As a Community Agency, EASA is a body governed by European public law; it is distinct from the Community Institutions (Council, Parliament, Commission, etc.) and has its own legal personality. EASA was set up by a Council and Parliament regulation (Regulation (EC) 1592/2002 repealed by Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 and amended by Regulation (EC) 1108/2009) and was given specific regulatory and executive tasks in the field of civil aviation safety and environmental protection.
The European Aviation Safety Agency is the centrepiece of the European Union's strategy for aviation safety. Its mission is to promote the highest common standards of safety and environmental protection in civil aviation. The Agency develops common safety and environmental rules at the European level. It monitors the implementation of standards through inspections in the Member States and provides the necessary technical expertise, training and research. The Agency works hand in hand with the national authorities which continue to carry out many operational tasks, such as certification of individual aircraft or licensing of pilots.
The main tasks of the Agency currently include:
More details on these tasks can be found in the EASA homepage.
EASA's remit does not encompass questions related to civil aviation security e.g. airport security measures, counter-terrorism.
The Agency's headquarters are in Cologne, Germany. Full details of the Agency's address on the banks of the Rhine in Cologne can be found on the Contacts page.
EASA is headed by an Executive Director, Mr. Patrick Ky. The work of the Agency is overseen by a Management Board, which represents EU Member States and the European Commission. The Executive Director is also answerable to the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union and since a part of the Agency's budget is derived from the general budget of the European Union, its expenditure remains subject to the normal EU financial checks and procedures.
Except for the limited rules established by the Community in the field of airworthiness and maintenance through Regulation 3922/91, Member States were responsible for the regulation of civil aviation safety. Although they did their best to harmonise their requirements and practices in the Joint Aviation Authorities , this system led to differing interpretations of harmonised standards, which adversely affected the efficiency of regulation and increased compliance costs for the sector. Although the European Commission had been closely associated with the JAA process, the transition to the EASA system and decision-making based on the European Community method was decided as a significant improvement in the execution of certification and rulemaking tasks. It also reduces fragmentation at the international level, by providing the international aviation community with a European interlocutor with enhanced authority and credibility. JAA has since been disbanded except for its training section and is now called JAATO
The Basic Regulation establishes common requirements for the regulation of safety and environmental sustainability in civil aviation. It gives the European Commission powers to adopt detailed rules for the Regulation's implementation.
The Agency answers the Regulation's need for 'a single specialised expert body', which delivers appropriate expertise to EU institutions to prepare these rules and verify their implementation at national level. Thus the Agency acts as an enabler to the legislative and executive process, a body which 'is independent in relation to technical matters and has legal, administrative and financial autonomy.'
There were further reasons behind the creation of a Community Agency. Past experience has suggested that common rules do not ensure uniform implementation in domains where technical discretion must be given to the certificating entities. In such cases the centralisation of certification tasks is the only effective way to achieve the desired uniform level of protection. This option was strongly supported by all interested parties. It also ensures that safety-related measures remain free of any political interference which might prejudice the current high standard of civil aviation safety enjoyed in Europe.
The Agency has been designed in order to ensure a degree of separation between the political process (the role played by the European Commission, Council and Parliament in drafting and enacting legislation relating to aviation safety) on the one hand, and the design and implementation of the technical measures necessary for safety, on the other. This explains why the Executive Director is granted independence in decision-making relating to the safety issues under the Agency's responsibility. This, however, is without prejudice to the chain of accountability to which the Agency and its Executive Director are subject.
Yes, when an aircraft is certified in an EU country, it will be already certified in the remaining EU Member States, this is in line with article 11 - 'Recognition of Certificates' - of the EASA Basic Regulation.
Article 11, Section 1 states as follows:
"Member States shall, without further technical requirements or evaluation, recognise certificates issued in accordance with this Regulation. When the original recognition is for a particular purpose or purposes, any subsequent recognition shall cover only the same purpose or purposes."
Being a European Community agency, the Agency works with strict financial procedures with regard to procurement of services and products. Please check the Procurement page within the Administrative Directorate section, where Calls for Tender are published.
(22/02/2011) At the moment the rules applicable to flight crew licensing (FCL) and flight time limitations (FTL) are the national rules of the EU Member States. Even though the Basic Regulation has extended Community competence to FCL and FTL, until the Implementing Rules on FCL and FTL have been adopted and become applicable, Member States’ national rules apply.
Questions related to these topics should be addressed for the time being to your national administration which should be able to help you on the subject. Information can be also found on the European Commission website - DG for Mobility and Transport , in the unit dealing with aviation safety matters.
Article 1(2) of Basic Regulation , as amended by Regulation (EC) No 1108/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009, excludes from the Agency’s scope aircraft involved in the execution of military, customs, police, search and rescue, fire fighting, coastguard or similar activities or services.
The common element between these operations are that they serve a public interest and/or exercise a public service or duty of care, which assumes that the service is provided by or under the control and responsibility of a government or public authority of the Member States pursuing the fulfilment of public interest.
Some activities such as mountain rescue are not particularly mentioned in Article 1(2) of the Basic Regulation. Nevertheless, applying the criterion described above, it is assumed that mountain rescue is outside the scope of EASA.
The determining factor to exclude a given aircraft from the scope of the Basic Regulation is the concrete nature of the operation performed – not the aircraft itself, its registry, its owner or its operator. In this sense, the distinction between ‘State aircraft’ / ‘State Operations’ and civil aircraft / operations, which was traditionally based on the registry of the aircraft (civil or military/State) or the nature of the owner / operator (private or public entity), is no longer relevant for the purpose of excluding an aircraft from the scope of the Basic Regulation.The responsibility for determining whether a certain operation falls within the scope of the Basic Regulation, by applying the criteria of Article 1(2), belongs to the Member States, as part of their general duty to implement EU Law. The Agency will monitor the exercise of this responsibility by the Member States as part of its standardisation responsibilities under the Basic Regulation
The European Aviation Safety Agency is an independent Community agency, that is to say a body under European public law but distinct from Community institutions such as the Council, Parliament, Commission, etc., and which possesses its own legal personality. The Agency became operational on 28th September 2003.
The Agency currently employs about 600 staff members.
The European Aviation Safety Agency headquarters are located in Cologne, Germany.
The selection procedure and the conditions of recruitment will be clearly set out in all of the Agency's vacancy notices. The Agents of EASA will be appointed by the Executive Director on the basis of short lists established by the selection committees. Any applications which do not meet the requirements specified in a vacancy notice (i.e. incomplete application, applications sent after the deadline or the detailed criteria listed under "the eligibility criteria") will be rejected. Applicants are advised to specify on the envelope containing their application the title of the vacant post and the reference specified in each vacancy notice.
Applicants will be selected on the basis of the eligibility and selection criteria specified in each vacancy notice. Applicants must meet the required eligibility and selection criteria (for example concerning the required educational qualifications or years of experience) by the application closing date mentioned in each vacancy notice.
Applicants short-listed for an interview will be informed once all applications have been examined. The interview date will be set within a reasonable time after the closing date for the applications.
Applicants are invited to check regularly the information posted on the Website of the Agency (Career Opportunities section: Call for Applications, Calendar of Career Opportunities and Update on Previous Vacancies), where regular updates are made regarding the recruitment process.
Applicants may use any of the official languages of the European Union when applying for a post advertised by the Agency. However, in order to speed up the selection process and to reduce the amount of the translations needed, applicants are invited to use either French or English. Nevertheless, the applicants will not be disadvantaged in any way what so ever even if they use other official languages of the Union.
As a rough guide only, the recruitment procedure can take up to 6 months from the date when a position is first advertised to the final offer being made. An extensive need for translations into the working languages of the selection panels may cause delays even beyond the above estimate.
To apply for a position at the Agency it is mandatory to be a citizen of a Member State of the European Union, Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein or Switzerland.
The Agency is not able to acknowledge receipt of any applications due to the high numbers received in response to the posts published. Due to the large volume of applications only candidates selected for interviews will be notified and to ensure reception of your application we strongly recommend to send your application by registered post.
The time taken to invite applicants for an interview depends on the number of applications received for each Vacancy Notice. It is important to bear in mind that during the first years of activity there are a considerable number of vacancies published simultaneously. Therefore, it may take up to 8 weeks concerning a particular post before the invitations for the interviews can be sent out. However, this is also a sign of uniform adherence to the strict recruitment rules applied at EASA, which require detailed studying of every application, notwithstanding the number of vacancies or applications per a vacancy.
Applicants may apply for more than one vacancy at the same time but it is mandatory that they use a separate envelope for each application with the required reference marks carefully marked on the cover envelope.
Vacancy notices for the Agency are regularly published on:
For more information regarding grades and salary please consult the following link on staff regulations
Most often the future EASA staff will be offered initially a Temporary Agent Post which in the EASA is normally for a renewable 5 years' fixed period. If the contract is renewed, it will become an indefinite contract without an end date. Information concerning temporary staff within the meaning of Article 2 of the Conditions of Employment of Other Servants of the European Communities can be found on the Website of the European Commission's Directorate General of Personnel and Administration at: http://ec.europa.eu/civil_service/job/temp/index_en.htm
Anyone interested in working at the Agency is advised to consult the Website at regular intervals including the Calendar of Career Opportunities in order to find further information.
For further information, please contact recruit .at. easa .point. europa .point. eu